Paystub Deduction Codes

Nov 10th, 2023

To correct payroll, you need the right information, including the data required to create paystub. A pay stub lists all the valuable information about an employee’s pay.

A Deduction Code identifies types of deduction codes, like significant medical, health benefits, credit union payments, charitable contributions, etc.

Employers and workers must understand the information on a pay stub. Employers must generate authentic pay stubs that match the gross pay, tax withholdings, and other payroll amounts.

This blog explains the information required to create a paystub and view the most common paystub deduction codes.

What is a Pay Stub?

In most cases, a pay stub is being provided to the employees. It includes essential information about an employee’s payment, such as wages earned for a pay period, essential deductions, and the amount of money an employee takes home.

This information can fluctuate depending on your state, though many states require you to give pay stubs to your employees. You should keep a copy of each pay stub for your payroll record.

Why are Pay Stubs Crucial?

The employees and employer can use pay stubs to record previous wages, but they can also make sure that the payments are accurate.

By viewing how their payment is broken down, employees can understand their tax deductions and know how much of their tax is going where.

If there is no equality between you and your employer, you can use the pay stubs to prove they were paid equally. Employees can use the pay stub to help them complete their W-2 forms when completing taxes.


Information Needed To Create Paystub:

Regulate the information for each employee:

Payroll Cycle: The payroll Cycle is defined as the number of pay periods that determine how much salary is paid on each payroll date. It also determines the start and end days for computing hourly payroll.
Wages: Gross pay and Net pay. Wages might be based on salary using an hourly rate of pay.
Tax Withholdings: State, Federal and Local amounts withheld for taxes.
Benefit Withholdings: Amounts withheld for the employee’s share of insurance premiums to be invested in a retirement plan.

The rules regarding the pay stub vary state by state. Some states require employers to provide workers pay stubs, while others do not.

Employees should keep their most recent pay stubs as evidence of income. If an individual applies for a loan, the paystub confirms the borrower’s gross income.

The pay stub information should match the data on each employee’s year-end W-2 form, which the individuals use to file their personal tax returns.

Understanding FICA, FUTA and SUTA Taxes

A pay stub shall report FICA, FUTA and SUTA Tax information.

FICA tax is collected to fund Social Security and Medicare. FICA is a compulsory payroll tax for the Federal Insurance Contributions Act.

The FICA Tax comprises two separate taxes which fund two large programs managed by the Federal Government: Social Security and Medicare.

The Medicare rate is 1.45% on all wages, and high-income taxpayers will pay an additional 0.9% tax for Medicare.

Employers also pay 7.65%, deducting the cost as a business expense. The employer’s payment is generally included in the pay stub.

The FUTA funds unemployment programs, taxes and the SUTA tax. The employer pays these amounts, but is also reported on the pay stub.

Pay Stub Deduction Codes

The most common pay stub deduction codes include:

FED, FIT, FWT: Federal Income Tax Withholding.
SIT, State, SWT: State Income Tax Withholding.
FICA: FICA taxes paid for Medicare and Social Security.
YTD: Year-To-Date.
MED: Insurance deductions for health, vision and dental insurance.
INS: Insurance deductions for other coverage like life insurance.
401(k): 401(k) contributions into a retirement plan.
FSA or HSA: Contributions into a flexible spending account (FSA) or health savings account (HSA).

What is a Stub Deduction?

Standard pay stub deductions include state and federal income tax and Social Security Tax. State and federal withholdings account for much of the gross and net income gap.


Deduction Code identifies deduction codes, like significant medical health benefits, credit union payments, charitable contributions, etc. Create Free Paystub easily with eFormscreator for free!